The International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) has demanded check on the proliferation of the small arms to prevent ongoing violence leading to loss of lives in several parts of the world. Dr Arun Mitra – General Secretary Indian Doctors for Peace and Development (IDPD) who returned after participating in the meeting of the International Board of the IPPNW held in London on 15-16 November said that the board strongly condemned the terrorist attack in Paris. It mourned more than a million victims of the War on Terror as much as the victims of fanaticism of any kind. At a time when humanity is confronted with the possibility of its own extinction, predominantly by the threat posed by the thousands of nuclear weapons, humankind must now step out of the spiral of bloodshed and violence and live in peace; humankind can only survive through cooperation, not by violence the IPPNW board resolution said. The board was critical of the countries who are producing and exporting the arms legally or illegally. Various affiliates of the IPPNW, said Dr Arun Mitra, will further strengthen its campaign for a world free of nuclear weapons and violence of all kinds.